The global scale of human trafficking and modern slavery is enormous and growing. Through comprehensive research and education about the economic impacts of human trafficking and modern slavery, we inspire and mobilize stakeholders and the next generation of leaders to engage in education, policymaking, advocacy, intervention and rehabilitation activities in Orange County, CA and across the developed world.

What We Know

Modern Slavery will not end until the profits disappear.

Despite universal opposition to slavery on moral grounds, the practice is growing across the world, due to its immense and immediate profitability to slavers. Our spending behavior fuels slavery’s profitability through consumerism. Many things that we buy and use every day can be and often are used to exploit people, especially children.

Our consumerism fuels exploitation thereby subsidizing this repugnant practice. The goods and services linked to slavery are only profitable to a few, and they  are costly for everyone else. The costs of helping people who have been exploited and traumatized — legal services, medical care, job training and so on — are enormous, and they fall on all of us.

Recommended Reading

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) issues report with preliminary findings of how the COVID-19 pandemic is impacting trafficking in persons.

Siddharth Kara Op-Ed in the Guardian: I saw the unbearable grief inflicted on families by cobalt mining. I pray for change

UCI Blum Center Director Richard Matthew's recent op-ed: There’s a strong connection between holiday consumerism and modern slavery

Forbes article featuring Blum Scholar Siddharth Kara: Are These Tech Companies Complicit In Human Rights Abuses Of Child Cobalt Miners In Congo?

Support our Work

Please join us by supporting the work to understand the economics of human slavery in modern times.

Research Leads


Siddharth Kara is an author, screenwriter, researcher, and activist on modern slavery, child labor, and related human rights issues. He is an adjunct lecturer at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, a visiting scientist at the Harvard School of Public Health, and a lecturer at the University of California, Berkeley.


Kelsey Morgan is the founder and executive director of Willow International. She lived in Uganda from 2010 to 2013 where she led an anti-trafficking organization. She founded Willow to meet the growing demand for aftercare services and to eradicate the global human trafficking epidemic. She holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in International Studies from UC Irvine and is currently obtaining her PhD at UC Irvine’s School of Social Ecology.